Motivation Analysis of Jennie’s Dream as Seen in Janet Quin-Harkin’s California Girl


  • Hastri Firharmawan Universitas Ma'arif Nahdlatul Ulama Kebumen, Indonesia



Analysis, motivation, dream


This study deals with Janet Quin-Harkin’s novel entitles “California Girl”. It was aimed to see the main character’s motivation in achieving her dream. It’s a qualitative study which employed psychological approaches. The primary data were in the forms of written expressions found in the narrations, dialogues, sentences and paragraphs in the novel showing the character’s behaviour and motivation in pursuing her dream. Data analysis applied procedures, namely data collection, data reduction, data serving, and drawing conclusion. To validate, data sources triangulation was used. The researcher read some related theories through books and articles. The study concluded that: First, Janet portrayed Jennie as a girl who was tall and skinny for her age with short mid-brown hair. She didn’t have a good physical outlook. She was introvert; and, therefore she had problem with social relationship. She was emotionally unstable and worried about losing her chance to make the Olympic team. Second, Jennie achieved her dream by trying to fulfil her fundamental needs for priorities. She ate enough food for her physical calories. After that, she fulfilled her psychological needs. She found love in Mark and never let him down. She also wanted to be accepted by her mother. Besides, swimming was her chosen sport to show that she was worth appreciating. Keywords: Analysis, motivation, dream


Abrams, M. H. A. (1981). A Glossary of Literary Terms. New York, Holt, Reinhart & Winston Inc.

Beck, R.C. (1978). Motivation Theories and Principles. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Chang, R. (1991). Characteristics of the Self-actualized Person: Vision from the East and West. EBSCOhost Journal, Vol 36(1), 1-9

Henkle, R.B. (1965). Reading the Novel: An Introduction to Techniques Interpreting Fiction. New York: Harper and Row Publisher Ltd.

Jung, J. (1978). Understanding Human Motivation: A Cognitive Approach. New York. Macmillan Publishing. Co., Inc.

Kasschau, R. A. (1995). Understanding Psychology. The Glencoe Division of Macmillan/McGrow-Hill Publishing Company: Ohio.

Kothari, C.R. (2004). Methodology Methods and Techniques Second Revised Edition. New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited Publisher.

Maslow, A.H. (1987). Motivation and Personality 3rd Edition. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc.

Miles, M.B, and Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis, 2nd Ed., p. 10-12. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Murphy, M.J. (1972). Understanding Unseen: An Introduction to English Poetry and the English Novel for Overseas Students. London: George Allen and Unwin, Ltd.

Quin-Harkin, J. (1981). California Girl. The United States of America. Bantam Book Inc.

Rohrberger, M. and Woods (1971). Reading and Writing about Literature. New York: Random House Inc.

Stanton, R. (1965). An Introduction to Fiction. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Inc



How to Cite

Hastri Firharmawan. (2022). Motivation Analysis of Jennie’s Dream as Seen in Janet Quin-Harkin’s California Girl. English Education and Literature Journal (E-Jou), 2(01), 24-36.