RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies <p>Ruang Kata: Journal of Language and Literature Studies is published by Indonesian Language Study Program, Ma’arif Nahdlatul Ulama University. Ruang Kata is an academic journal devoted to research (field and library), conceptual ideas, review and application of language and literature theories in phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, discourse analysis, semantics, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, anthropolinguistics, psycholinguistics, ecolinguistics, language teaching, psychology of literature, sociology of literature, ecology of literature, and other studies concerned with language and literature. This academic journal is published annually with all previously published articles have been peer-reviewed.</p> en-US <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong><a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a> </strong>that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal</p> (Dr. Onok Yayang Pamungkas, M.Pd.) (Muh. Akbar Kurniawan) Thu, 30 Jun 2022 07:31:21 +0000 OJS 60 ANALISIS KEJIWAAN TOKOH UTAMA DALAM NOVEL PENAKLUK BADAI KARYA AGUK IRAWAN MN <p><em>This research is a qualitative descriptive study. The approach used is a literary psychology approach. Sources of data obtained from documents. Data collection techniques with library techniques, listen, take notes. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling technique. Data analysis was carried out by interactive data analysis. The validity of the data using theoretical poles. Based on the results of data analysis obtained 3 conclusions. First, the building blocks of the novel are the intrinsic elements. Intrinsic elements include; (a) the major theme is about the struggle for life of a warrior of the nation and religion, minor themes, among others, the problem of matchmaking, the problem of love, the problem of nationalism; (b) the main character is Hasyim Asy'ari, additional characters are Kiai Usman, Kiai Asy'ari, Kiai Ya'qub, Nyai Layinah, Nyai Halimah, Kiai Kholil, Darwis/Ahmad Dahlan, Nafisah, Marto Lemu, Wahab Hasbulloh and Bisri Sansuri; (c) the setting of the place (Tebuireng Islamic Boarding School, Mecca of Saudi Arabia, Rooms, Gedang Islamic Boarding School, Keras Islamic Boarding School, Kademangan Islamic Boarding School, Semarang Land Islamic Boarding School, Siwalan Islamic Boarding School, Ship, Market and Prison), time setting (morning, afternoon, evening, night), background atmosphere (sad, happy, emotional, worried); (d) forward flow; (e) mixed viewpoints; (f) and the mandate that can be taken is honesty. The three values ??of psychological wisdom contained in the novel are (1) religious, (2) honest, (3) tolerance, (4) discipline, (5) hard work, (6) creative, (7) thirst for knowledge, (8) friendly/communicative, (9) nationalism.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Storm Conqueror, builder element, psychological conflict, psychological wisdom value</em></p> Muhammad Dzikrulloh,Onok Yayang Pamungkas,Ari Susanto Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Dzikrulloh,Onok Yayang Pamungkas,Ari Susanto Mon, 14 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +0000 ANALISIS KESALAHAN BERBAHASA TATARAN SINTAKSIS PADA TEKS BERITA SISWA KELAS VIII SMPN 2 PANGENAN CIREBON TAHUN PELAJARAN 2021/2022 <p><em>This research is a qualitative descriptive study with the subject of this research in the form of a document of the results of the VIII grade students of SMPN 2 Pangenan Cirebon. Data collection techniques used by researchers in this study are in the form of documentation techniques and note-taking techniques. Meanwhile, the validity checking technique used triangulation technique. The data analysis used in this study used the agih method and continued using the basic technique for direct elements or the BUL technique. After using the basic technique, it was continued using advanced techniques, namely by using the lesap technique, the replacement technique, the reverse technique, and the extension technique to facilitate data analysis. The results of this study are in the form of a description of the analysis of language errors at the syntactic level in the student news text. The results are 39 forms of phrase errors and 11 forms of sentence errors. With the results of the analysis of language errors at the syntactic level, educators should be able to obtain an overview of appropriate learning models, methods, and media to support the improvement of students' writing skills, especially in the field of syntax..</em></p> <p>Keywords: Language Error, Syntax, News Text</p> Riri Mukhariroh,Emah,Tati Sri Uswati Copyright (c) 2022 Riri Mukhariroh,Emah,Tati Sri Uswati Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CITRA PEREMPUAN DALAM CERPEN SUATU HARI DI BULAN DESMBER 2002 KARYA SAPARDI DJOKO DAMONO DAN DONGENG SEBELUM BERCINTA KARYA EKA KURNIAWAN <p><em>As a form of concern for women, especially in the literary field, researchers are interested in analyzing the short story entitled One Day in December 2002 by Sapardi Djoko Damono and the short story Fairy Tale Before Sleeping by Eka Kurniawan. This study aims to reveal the image of women in the short story One Day in December 2002 by Sapardi Djoko Damono and the short story Fairy Tale Before Sleeping by Eka Kurniawan. To support this research, the researcher conducted a structural analysis to find supporting data in revealing the image of women in the short story. The approach in this research is a liberal feminist approach. The results of this study are, 1) The short stories One Day in December 2002 and the Fairy Tale Before Bercita have the theme of problems that occur in domestic life, but there are differences in the two short stories which are the source of the problem. 2) The setting in both short stories takes the background of a husband and wife's life, the difference between the two short stories is the age of their marriage. 3) The characters and characterizations in the two short stories are divided into two, namely the main character and the supporting character. The main character in the short story One Day in December 2002 is Marsiyam and the main character in the short story Fairy Tale Before Making Love is Alamanda. 4) the image of women who dominate men is depicted through the activities or treatment carried out by the female characters. 5) the image of a woman who is smart and clever is depicted through the mindset of the female character.</em> <em>In the builders of the two short stories, One Day in December 2002 and the Fairy Tale Before Making Love, they are the theme, setting, and characterizations. Furthermore, the image of women that breaks the objectivity of women in the poems One Day in December 2002 and the Fairy Tale Before Making Love, namely, the image of women who dominate men and the image of women who are smart and intelligent.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords : image, women, feminism</em></p> Manyu Santoso Copyright (c) 2022 Manyu Santoso Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CERITA RAKYAT “SI LANCANG” DARI INDONESIA, DENGAN CERITA RAKYAT “NAHKODA MANIS” DARI BRUNEI, DAN CERITA RAKYAT “SI TANGGANG” DARI MALAYSIA; SEBUAH KAJIAN STRUKTURAL SASTRA BANDINGAN <p><em>Mother's love doesn't matter, for the sake of her child she is willing to do anything. Including to support the decision of the child who wants to migrate to improve the family economy. A child who went abroad became successful because of his business outside the city and then forgot his mother who was alone at home praying for her child's safety. Although this story has often been heard by the people of Indonesia, it is about a child who disobeys his mother. However, it turns out that this theme is not only found in Indonesia. There are several folk tales with the same theme from various countries, such as Malaysia and Brunei. This is interesting to study because the three folklores are located in different areas with different socio-cultural and economic backgrounds, but have similarities or parallels in story motifs. This study aims to determine the similarities and differences between the folklore "Si Lancang" from Riau, Indonesia, with the story "Nakhoda Manis" from Brunei, and the folktale "Si Tanggang" from Malaysia. The study used in this research is a comparative literary structure study. This study uses a comparative description method. Through comparative literary structural studies, it can be said that these folk tales have similarities in structures such as themes and messages. There are also differences in characters, characteristics, plots, and folklore backgrounds.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Comparison, structural, folklore.</em></p> aisyah labibah Copyright (c) 2022 aisyah labibah Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 PERBANDINGAN ANTARA PUISI “SAJAK JATUH CINTA” KARYA EMHA AINUN NADJIB DAN PUISI “SAJAK KECIL TENTANG CINTA” KARYA SAPARDI DJOKO DAMONO <p>Emha Ainun Nadjib's poem "The Sajak of Falling in Love" and Sapardi Djoko Damono's "Small Poem About Love" have many similarities and contrasts, which the authors of this study try to describe. Focus will be placed on comparing the poetic structure of the two works as part of a comparative literary study. This study uses a comparative research technique. Reading, listening, taking notes, and copying were used to obtain the data in this study. After all the data is collected, the data reduction process begins. It's time to examine the data we've collected and categorize it to make a final decision about what research we're going to do next. The hypogram is found in Emha Ainun Nadjib's poem "The Poem of Falling in Love", while the transformation is found in Sapardi Djoko Damono's poem "Little Poetry About Love". The two poems have the same meaning, each of which tells about true love for the Almighty or true love for the Almighty in general. There are several similarities and differences between the two literary works, which lie in the theme, taste, tone, word and image. In addition to the similarities, there are also differences in them, namely mandate, rhyme, typography, and concrete words. Poems that have been converted into Hipograms, such as the Sajak Falling in Love by Emha Ainun Nadjib, can be compared to see how the weight of emotions can be measured and balanced with other aspects of life. This is why data analysis is currently being carried out. Sapardi Djoko Damono's Little Poem About Love, which emphasizes that one must learn to love oneself first before loving others, became the catalyst for this change.<br />Keyword: Poetry, Comparison, Story</p> Yusrina Ayu Linati,Yosi Wulandari Copyright (c) 2022 Yusrina Ayu Linati,Yosi Wulandari Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000