RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk <p>Ruang Kata: Journal of Language and Literature Studies is published by Indonesian Language Study Program, Ma’arif Nahdlatul Ulama University. Ruang Kata is an academic journal devoted to research (field and library), conceptual ideas, review and application of language and literature theories in phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, discourse analysis, semantics, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, anthropolinguistics, psycholinguistics, ecolinguistics, language teaching, psychology of literature, sociology of literature, ecology of literature, and other studies concerned with language and literature. This academic journal is published annually with all previously published articles have been peer-reviewed.</p> en-US Tue, 15 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 SASTRA CYBER ABAD KE-20: SEBUAH TINJAUAN TENTANG NILAI PENGUATAN KARAKTER ETIS LINGKUNGAN http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/192 <p><em>This research is an attempt to explain the form of environmental ethics and values ??of strengthening the Quadriology character of the Novel by Ki Padmasusastra (hereinafter referred to as QNKKP). This study uses a qualitative research paradigm. The object of this research is called cyber literature because the data is taken from online sites. The main data of the study include four novels by Ki Padmasusastra. Technical data analysis uses content analysis techniques that are based on cultural hermeneutics. The results showed that, QNKKP is a reflection of the universality of Javanese literature wrapped in the symbolism of literary texts. The picture of people's life is the goal of an ideal standard of living that is in accordance with the values ??that develop in Javanese culture. The main goal of environmental wisdom in the perspective of Javanese culture is to help hayuning bawana 'maintain the balance of nature', in order to create a harmonious life between creatures in the universe. An important implication of the research findings is that human awareness to respect each other's existing entities is the basis of strength that can guide human character to seek fellowship with nature</em><em>.</em></p> Onok Yayang Pamungkas Copyright (c) 2021 RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/192 Wed, 02 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 KAJIAN NOVEL AWAL LAYUNYA MAWAR BERDURI KARYA TULUS SETIYADI DALAM PERSPEKTIF PSIKOLOGI SASTRA http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/193 <p><em>As one form of attention to literary works (novels), researcher interested in studying / analyzing a novel entitled Awal Layunya Mawar Berduri by Tulus Setiyadi.&nbsp; This study aims to 1) explain and describe the structure of the novel, 2) the inner conflicts of the main female characters, and 3) the value of character education in these.&nbsp; To achieve this goal, researcher analyzed the intrinsic elements of the novel related to the psychology of literature.&nbsp; Literary psychology approach used Sigmund Freud's personality theory, and the value of character education refers to Lifelong Guidelines and Character First. The results of this study are.&nbsp; 1) Awal Layunya Mawar Berduri&nbsp; was a novel that groves forward.&nbsp; The story moved based on the time sequence until the end of a story that in the end was sad ending, which is the death of the character Asih.&nbsp; 2) Representation of literary psychology in the Novel Awal Layunya Mawar Berduri&nbsp; found through the aspects of id, ego and superego.&nbsp; 3) The value of Character Education based on Lifelong Guidelines and character first. The conclusion of this research was that the researcher studied Asih's personal character in the Novel Awal Layunya Mawar Berduri&nbsp; used the psychological psychology approach, so the researcher found the personality of Asih's character that distinguishes it from other figures.&nbsp; Awal Layunya Mawar Berduri&nbsp; became an interesting study material, because this novel explores the lives of Asih characters continuously with a storyline that involves the personalities of all the characters.&nbsp; Of the various types of personalities possessed by each character, causing conflict with the character.&nbsp; The methods used by Asih's characters in resolving various conflicts, there is the value of character education that can be used as an example for the reader of the Novel Awal Layunya Mawar Berduri.&nbsp; An important implication of this research is that literature in a psychological perspective gives rise to the values ??of character education that can guide the reader so they can have an attitude of responsibility, integrity, patience, fortitude, and self-control in living life.</em></p> Onok Yayang Pamungkas,Baekuniah Copyright (c) 2021 RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/193 Thu, 03 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 EFEKTIVITAS MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN AUDIO VISUAL DALAM PEMBELAJARAN TEKS NARASI HASIL WAWANCARA DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/194 <p><em>This Class Action Research aims at : (1) improving quality of learning process on writing narrative text of interview result through the application of Discovery Learning with </em><em>a</em><em>udio </em><em>v</em><em>isual </em><em>m</em><em>edia and (2) improving the result of writing skills on narrative text of interview result through the application of discovery learning with audio visual media.</em><em> This research conducted in two cycles each of which </em><em>The data of this research are in the form of lesson plan, photos, results, students writing fieldnotes , list of values, and the results of the interview. The sources of the data include: the places and events, informants and documents. The technique of collecting data through observation/observation, review of documents, tests and interviews. Data validity has done through sources of data triangulation and method triangulation. Data analysis technique are using descriptive comparative and critic analysis. </em><em>The result of the research showed that Discovery Learning models and audio visual media could improve students’ quality of learning process and writing skills on narrative text of interview from Cycle I to Cycle II. Those could be seen from (1) significant improvement of studens’ quality of learning process from cycle to cycle; (2) improvement of average of students’ score, from 54% in pre-cycle to 68% in Cycle I and 89% in Cylce II. The most effective steps of teaching-learning of writing skills on narrative text of interview result through the application of discovery learning with audio visual media were: (1) teacher grouped student in a small group; (2) teacher instructional video displays relating to the material; (3) students changed the text of the interview into a narrative text; (4) students transformed direct sentences into indirect sentences; (5) students create narrative framework; and (6) students individually writing narrative text of interview.</em></p> Prissilia Prahesta Waningyun Copyright (c) 2021 RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/194 Tue, 08 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 KAJIAN INTERTEKSTUAL NOVEL CINTA BERTABUR DI LANGIT MEKKAH KARYA ROIDAH DAN NOVEL ASMARA DI ATAS HARAM KARYA ZULKIFLI L. MUCHDI DENGAN PENDEKATAN SOSIOLOGI http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/195 <p><em>Literary works in this era of progress have been very developed. The creation of literary works is usually influenced by the literary works that preceded it. The literary work that precedes is used as an example or role model for later literary works. Two or more literary works with the same theme have similarities and differences. Similarities and differences in several literary works can be analyzed using the principle of intertextuality. This principle is intended to examine texts that are considered to have a certain relationship with other texts so that it is possible for a work to become a hypogram for subsequent literary works. In this study the author chose the title "</em> <em>Intertextual Study of the Novel Cinta Bertabur Di Langit Mekkah by Roidah and Novel Asmara Di Atas Haram&nbsp; by Zulkifli L. Muchdi with a Sociological Approach ". Based on the object studied, this study aims to describe: (1) the structure of Roidah's novel Cinta Bertabur Di Langit Mekkah (CBM) and novel Asmara Di Atas Haram (ADH) by Zulkifli L. Muchdi, (2) similarities and differences in the novel Cinta Bertabur Di Langit Mekkah (CBM) by Roidah and novel Asmara Di Atas Haram (ADH) by Zulkifli L. Muchdi, (3) Intertextual relations between Roidah's novel Cinta Bertabur Di Langit Mekkah (CBM) and Zulkifli L. Muchdi's novel Asmara Di Atas Haram (ADH, and (4) sociological aspects of novel Cinta Bertabur Di Langit Mekkah (CBM) by Roidah and novel Asmara Di Atas Haram&nbsp; (ADH) by Zulkifli L. Muchdi. The method used is descriptive analysis method. The results obtained in the research are intrinsic elements of the novel, similarities and differences between the two novels, intertextual relations and sociological aspects which include social aspects, religious aspects, economic aspects, and love aspects.</em></p> Ririn Nurul Azizah Copyright (c) 2021 RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/195 Tue, 08 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 GAYA BAHASA KIASAN DALAM DONGENG ANAK BERBAHASA INGGRIS (STUDI KASUS KARYA BROTHERS GRIMM) http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/196 <p><em>The purpose of this study is to investigate the use of figurative language in English children's fairy tales by Brothers Grimm with titled Hansel and Gretel, Rapunzel, and Snowdrop. This study specifically addresses the style of figurative language contained in English children's fairy tales. Style of figurative language are examined in this study includes metaphor, personification, simile, and hyperbole, in terms of form, meaning, function, and particularities in English children's fairy tales. Advanced Research is a qualitative research produces descriptive data in the form of the written word. This study did not use statistical data in the form of numbers, but rather to describe the form, meaning, types, functions, and uniqueness of figurative language in English children's fairy tales. The results showed that in the style of figurative language metaphor based on Haley’s hierarchy in nine metaphors, the metaphors in the three fairy tales are being, cosmos, energy, terrestrial, object, animate, and human. Personification in this research are inanimate personification and non-human personification. Simile in this research includes abstract (being), objects, cosmos, terrestrial, plants, and animals. Hyperbole in this research is hyperbole that state a thing and hyperbole that state a situation. Function of figurative language in the fourth type of style are; reveal the beauty in the style of figurative language, declare an abstract in a concrete way to give a clear image, stating things that are not captured by human senses, and cause freshness or emphasis the words, to give emphasis to a statement or situation, to intensify and enhance the impression and impact of the intent to deliberately overstate the thing and circumstances. Uniqueness found in the using of vehicle from the figurative language in the form of terrestrial, cosmos, and animal. Through this study it can be concluded that children in Europe, the reader or the audience of this tale, is expected to know the figurative language style.</em></p> Rosita Sofyaningrum Copyright (c) 2021 RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/196 Fri, 11 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000 ASMARADANA'S POETRY: AN OVERVIEW OF LANGUAGE AESTHETICS, JAVANESE MYTHOLOGY, AND THE VALUE OF CHARACTER EDUCATION http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/200 <p>Abstract-The word in poetry has a paradoxical position. On the one hand, the word is always burdened to <br>convey meaning or meaning. However, on the other hand, the word actually overturns general understanding <br>through the symbols it bears. This research is analyzing the aesthetics of language which includes various <br>sounds, diction, and poetry symbols; discuss the cultural context in the form of Javanese mythology; and <br>linking it with the values of character education. This study uses a qualitative research paradigm. The <br>research data is a collection of Asmaradana poems. Technical data analysis using technical content analysis. <br>The results showed that the effectiveness of diction, the use of various sounds, and the use of symbols in the <br>form of private symbols and natural symbols. Implicitly GM's poems in Asmaradana try to make an imaging <br>effort about human existence along with various fax of humanity and facts of sociocultural <br>awareness. Asmaradana implicitly also stores the values of character education that can be used as a role <br>model for readers. GM not only puts poetry as a flood of sedimentary contemplation, but he also positions <br>poetry as a medium for educational transfer.</p> Tjahjono Widijanto Copyright (c) 2021 RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies http://jurnal.umnu.ac.id/index.php/jrk/article/view/200 Sat, 12 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0000