RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies <p>Ruang Kata: Journal of Language and Literature Studies is published by Indonesian Language Study Program, Ma’arif Nahdlatul Ulama University. Ruang Kata is an academic journal devoted to research (field and library), conceptual ideas, review and application of language and literature theories in phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, discourse analysis, semantics, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, anthropolinguistics, psycholinguistics, ecolinguistics, language teaching, psychology of literature, sociology of literature, ecology of literature, and other studies concerned with language and literature. This academic journal is published annually with all previously published articles have been peer-reviewed.</p> Universitas Ma'arif Nahdlatul Ulama Kebumen en-US RUANG KATA: Journal of Language and Literature Studies 2807-1867 <p>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <strong><a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a> </strong>that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal</p> TELAAH STRUKTURALISME GENETIK LUCIEN GOLDMANN DALAM PENGKAJIAN KARYA SASTRA PUISI GADIS PEMINTA-MINTA KARYA TOTO SUDARTO <p><em>This article attempts to discuss the study of genetic structuralism by Lucien Goldman in his study of the begging girl poem by Toto Sudarto. In the theory of genetic structuralism, Goldman builds a set of interrelated categories, namely human facts, reflective subject, structure, author's worldview, and explanation. The author uses a qualitative research approach, a study that tries to understand the problem holistically in a descriptive way. The steps used in analyzing the poems are: (a) collecting Toto Sudarto poems; (b) reading and understanding Toto Sudarto poetry; (c) analyzing genetic structuralism in Toto Sudarto poetry; (d) describing the results of the analysis. The research results of this article are in the form of poetry analysis which refers to the points; social activity, reflective subject analysis, and dialectical methods.</em></p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong><em> genetic structuralism, Lucien Goldman, poetry</em></p> Vivi Priharyani Ibnu Sholah Copyright (c) 2022 Vivi Priharyani,Ibnu Sholah 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 02 61 68 10.53863/jrk.v2i02.381 EFEKTIVITAS PENGGUNAAN MODEL DISCOVERY LEARNING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR CERPEN PADA SISWA KELAS XI MA NUSANTARA ARJAWINANGUN TAHUN 2021/ 2022 <p><em>This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the discovery learning model on short story learning outcomes. The method used in this study is the Quasi Experimental Design Method using the Posttest Only Control Group Design where there is an experimental class with the Discovery Learning learning model and a control class with a direct learning model, which is then given a Posttest to determine student learning outcomes after being given different treatments. . The target of this research is students of class XI Religion and XI Social academic year 2021/2022. From the research results obtained, it shows that: (1) Student learning outcomes with the Discovery Learning learning model are higher than student learning outcomes than using the conventional direct learning model with the acquisition of t-test namely tcount 23.917 &gt; ttable 2.056 and with details of the average value the experimental class average was 87.96 and the control class average was 51.30. (2) The test results indicate that there are significant differences in results. It can be concluded that the application of the Discovery Learning learning model can increase the interest and learning outcomes of class XI MA Nusantara Arjawinangun students.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Effectiveness, </em><em>D</em><em>iscovery </em><em>L</em><em>earning, </em><em>L</em><em>earning </em><em>O</em><em>utcomes</em></p> Ahmad Deni Hidayat Tato Nuryanto Emah Khuzaemah Copyright (c) 2022 Ahmad Deni Hidayat,Tato Nuryanto,Emah Khuzaemah 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 02 69 78 10.53863/jrk.v2i02.490 VALIDITAS MODUL PEMBELAJARAN MENGONSTRUKSI KARYA ILMIAH BERBASIS PROJECT BASED LEARNING SISWA KELAS XI SMA <p>This study aims to determine the validation of the learning module for constructing scientific papers for class XI SMA based on the assessments of content/material experts, linguists and graphic experts. The research method used is research and development (R&amp;D) with a 4-D (Four-D) model. The 4-D model consists of four stages, namely define, design, develop and disseminate. The instrument used is a validation sheet filled out by experts in their fields to test the feasibility of content, presentation feasibility, project based learning, language feasibility and graphic feasibility. The data analysis technique used is a Likert scale with a scale of 0-10. Based on the results of expert validation, the developed learning module is categorized as valid with a value of 90.86.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Validity, Module, Constructing Scientific Work</p> Meliana Saputri Yulia Sri Hartati Suci Dwinitia Copyright (c) 2022 Meliana Saputri,Yulia Sri Hartati,Suci Dwinitia 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 02 79 89 10.53863/jrk.v2i02.484 KONDISI LINGKUNGAN PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA DALAM KELUARGA SISWA KELAS XI IPS 3 SMA N 1 PURWANEGARA BANJARNEGARA (Suatu Kajian Fenomenologi) <p><em>The purpose of this study was to find out about the form of the Indonesian language learning environment in the family for student of class XI IPS 3 SMA N 1 Purwanegara Banjarnegara. To gain an understanding of the student learning environtment in the family based on student experience, the researcher used a qualitative approach with the phenomenological method. From the result of the study, it can be explained that to create a conducive and comfortable learning environment in the family needed the availability of several learning facilities. Those are: (1) student have a room to study; (2) the room has good lighting; (3) the room has a room temperature controller; (4) have a comfortable and conducive learning atmosphere; (5) not all have study chairs and desks, but still comfortable studying on the carpet, guest chairs, on the floor or on the bed; (6) has cupboards and bookshelves; (7) have all the necessary study equipment; and (8) most of the students stated that they felt comfortable studying in a family environment. Based on these data, the researcher concluded that the support of a complete and conducive learning environment makes students able to study comfortably so that they can make learning more effective and efficient.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Learning Environment, Phenomenology</em></p> Eko Prasetyo Copyright (c) 2022 Eko Prasetyo 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 02 90 98 10.53863/jrk.v2i02.492 PEMANFAATAN APLIKASI TIKTOK SEBAGAI UPAYA MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI BELAJAR PUISI SISWA KELAS VIII SMP N 257 JAKARTA <p><em>Poetry learning in class VIII.9 SMPN 257 is less attractive, as a result, the learning objectives are not achieved and the results are less than optimal. Therefore, it is necessary to give efforts to increase student learning motivation through the use of technology, one of which is the Tiktok application. The purpose of this research is to increase students' motivation to learn poetry with the TikTok application. Classroom Action Research Methods or Classroom Action Research. This research involves collaborators or partners. This classroom action research was conducted at SMPN 257 Jakarta class VIII.9 starting from October 21, 2021 to Friday, November 5, 2021 or the odd semester of the 2021/2022 Academic Year. The research was carried out by distributing questionnaires and observations. The results of this class action research can be stated that there is a significant increase in 15 samples distributed to class VIII children. In the first cycle obtained 74% while in the second cycle obtained 82%. Further research is needed on the use of the TikTok application as another learning medium.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Enhancement, motivation, poetry learning, TikTok app</em></p> puryanti puryanti Yosi Wulandari Sarno R. Sudibyo Copyright (c) 2023 Puryanti Puryanti,Yosi Wulandari,Sarno R. Sudibyo 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 02 99 107 10.53863/jrk.v2i02.478 BUKU POP UP DAN IMPLEMENTASINYA SEBAGAI SARANA MEDIA PENGEMBANGAN LITERASI ANAK USIA DINI BAGI GURU PAUD DI KABUPATEN BANYUMAS <p>A pop up book is a book with an embossed, two-dimensional or three-dimensional image display. Pop-up books can be used as a learning medium to develop literacy in early childhood. Based on a survey of 103 ECCE teachers in Banyumas District, data related to teachers' responses to the use of pop-up books was obtained. The data showed that respondents had an understanding that literacy recognition could be conveyed to learners through pop-up books. The basis for consideration of using pop up books can be used as a learning medium, because pop up books:(1) can be used to show the ability to recognize several symbols and signs including language (35%), (2) able to communicate learning messages with more concrete thoughts/ideas (65%). Respondents stated that pop up books can be used in learning activities, because pop up books can serve to support literacy: 1) reading literacy with the introduction of letters, words, and sentences (68.9%), 2) knowing stories (2%) and numeracy literacy, knowing numbers (29.1%). Although respondents mostly understand that pop-up books can be a learning medium to improve children's literacy, not many respondents have used them in learning activities. Based on respondents' answers, only 35% claimed to have used pop up books in learning activities, the remaining 65% of respondents admitted that they had never used pop up books in learning activities. Respondents who have not used pop up books, stated that it is not easy to find pop up books in bookstores. Another respondent stated that the price of pop up books is quite expensive, and hoped that the government would provide assistance in providing pop up book packages to schools. <br />Keywords: pop up books, learning media, literacy</p> Eko Sri Israhayu Akhmad Fauzan Siti Fathonah Copyright (c) 2023 Eko Sri Israhayu,Akhmad Fauzan,Siti Fathonah 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 2 02 108 117 10.53863/jrk.v2i02.690